We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Off-Center Fold |

Erythematous Plaques Involving Calves—Diagnosis

Arch Dermatol. 2009;145(9):1053-1058. doi:10.1001/archdermatol.2009.183-b.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Rongioletti  FRabora  A Mucinoses.  In: Bolognia  JL, Jorizzo  JP, Rapini  RP, eds. Dermatology. London, England: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:616-617
Fatourechi  V Pretibial myxedema: pathophysiology and treatment options. Am J Clin Dermatol 2005;6 (5) 295- 309
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2165/00128071-200506050-00003]]
Weedon  D Pathology.  Edinburgh, Scotland: Elsevier Science Ltd; 2002:407-408
Chang  TCWu  SHsiao  Y  et al.  TSH and TSH receptor antibody-binding sites in fibroblasts of pretibial myxedema are related to the extracellular domain of entire TSH receptor. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 1994;71 (1) 113- 120
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1006/clin.1994.1059]]
Noppakun  NBancheun  KChandraprasert  S Unusual locations of localized myxedema in Graves' disease: report of three cases. Arch Dermatol 1986;122 (1) 85- 88
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archderm.1986.01660130089033]]
Fatourechi  VPajouhi  MFransway  A Dermopathy of Graves disease (pretibial myxedema): review of 150 cases. Medicine (Baltimore) 1994;73 (1) 1- 7
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1097/00005792-199401000-00001]]
Pineda  AMTianco  EATan  JBCasintahan  FABeloso  MB Oral pentoxifylline and topical clobetasol propionate ointment in the treatment of pretibial myxoedema, with concomitant improvement of Graves' opthalmopathy. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2007;21 (10) 1441- 1443
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/jdv.2007.21.issue-10]]
Ohtsuka  YYamamoto  KGoto  Y  et al.  Localized myxedema, associated with increased serum hyaluronic acid, and response to steroid pulse therapy. Intern Med 1995;34 (5) 424- 429
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2169/internalmedicine.34.424]]
Felton  JDerrick  EKPrice  ML Successful combined surgical and octreotide treatment of severe pretibial myxoedema reviewed after 9 years. Br J Dermatol 2003;148 (4) 825- 826
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1046/j.1365-2133.2003.05236.x]]
Figures in this Article



Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles