To determine the prevalence of adrenal insufficiency in infants with hemangiomas following treatment with systemic glucocorticoids (GCs).
Prospective study for 18 months.
Hemangioma and vascular malformation center at a tertiary care children's hospital.
Sixteen infants with hemangiomas had an adrenal axis evaluation as soon as possible following the completion of GC therapy. Ten healthy control infants were also evaluated for comparison.
Prednisolone at a starting dose of 2 to 3 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks, followed by a tapering period. The mean duration of GC treatment was 7.2 months.
Main Outcome Measure
Prevalence of adrenal insufficiency in GC-treated subjects as assessed by a combination low-dose/high-dose corticotropin stimulation test.
Subjects underwent corticotropin testing at a mean of 13 days after the completion of therapy. Only 1 of the 16 GC-treated infants (6%) had adrenal insufficiency. This subject was tested 1 day after GC treatment was stopped, and results from retesting 3 months later were normal. All control subjects had normal adrenal function.
Infants with hemangiomas are at low risk of adrenal insufficiency following the completion of GC therapy, as used in our hemangioma center.