We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Notable Notes |

Galen Disease: Delusions of Grandeur in an Authoritative Clinical Investigator

James A. Solomon, MD, PhD
Arch Dermatol. 2011;147(6):723. doi:10.1001/archdermatol.2011.97.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Most modern physicians believe that the concept that the practice of medicine should be based on experimental evidence (as opposed to anecdotes) is relatively new. Nevertheless, the 12th century physician/scientist/theologian Moses Maimonides1 in his textbook on medicine stressed the requirement for evidence-based practice of medicine.2

Maimonides paralleled his text to that of Galen, a first-century Roman physician.3 Despite the 11 centuries between them, Maimonides knew that Galen's publications on medicine remained authoritative. Maimonides agreed that Galen in his early years had relied on experiments to become an expert in anatomy, physiology, and therapeutics. Galen, he states, “reached such a level, he demanded visual proof for everything.” Maimonides praised “Galen, who was truly extremely wise, and who provided experimental evidence [to support his contentions], and even composed a book on [experimental] signs.” In fact, Galen went further and “repulsed Aristotle,” the Greek medical authority who had preceded him for centuries,4 for Aristotle's failure to perform such experiments. Over his lifetime and thereafter, Galen became esteemed and recognized as an authority of general medicine, equal to or greater than Aristotle.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

PubMed Articles