Background and Design:
Cutaneous pleomorphic small T-cell lymphoma is a rare, recently recognized lymphoma, different from mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome. Only a few cases have been reported and no treatment modalities have been defined. We reviewed the clinical, histologic, immunohistochemical, molecular biologic, and follow-up data of 11 primary cutaneous pleomorphic small T-cell lymphomas.
The lesions presented as red purplish nodules, tumors, or plaques. The infiltrate consisted of small pleomorphic lymphoid cells without epidermotropism in nine patients and with a propensity to infiltrate the dermis and subcutaneous fat. Most cases were CD4+/CD8-. A T-cell clone was detected in the skin lesions of nine patients tested. The mean follow-up was 70.1 months and the median follow-up was 20 months. Ten patients are alive with three having persistent lesions. Interferon alfa-2a induced partial or complete remissions in five patients. Interferon alfa-2a combined with a regimen containing doxorubicin chlorhydrate induced a complete remission in a patient suffering a relapse after cyclophosphamide and interferon alone.
Cutaneous pleomorphic small T-cell lymphoma is a well-defined type of low-grade cutaneous lymphoma with favorable prognosis. Interferon and/or chemotherapy are the treatment of choice in patients with large tumor burden.(Arch Dermatol. 1995;131:1009-1015)