We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Notable Notes |

Victorian Vampires Validated—The Similarities Between a Legendary Creature and a Dermatologic Pathology

Stephanie Mlacker, BS1; Vidhi V. Shah, BA1; Mohammad Alsaidan, MD1; Keyvan Nouri, MD1
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(11):1225. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.2817.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


In 1885, the Western world was introduced to Romanian folklore with Emily Gerard’s book Transylvanian Superstitions.1 She describes a group of people who, for hundreds of years, blended Christian traditions with folk tales, which led them to believe in a demonic creature who would drink human blood. According to their superstitions, the only way to combat this monster was by driving a stake through its corpse or by removing its head and stuffing its mouth with garlic. Although countless artistic endeavors have portrayed vampires in the years since Gerard’s work published, the most iconic of them is Count Dracula, who first appeared in Bram Stoker’s defining novel in 1897.2 In Dracula, a person who appears pale and cold, is avoidant of bright lights, and has prominent teeth would carry the pathognomonic features to qualify for a vampire.2 Although this evil creature is merely a character created by human minds, one cannot help but recognize the striking resemblance certain physical features bear to people with porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT).

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections