The recent taxonomic revision of the lipophilic yeast genus based on morphologic, ultrastructural, physiological, and molecular biologic analyses included 7 species of the 3 former taxa—M furfur, Malassezia pachydermatis, M sympodialis —and 4 new taxa—Malassezia globosa, Malassezia obtusa, Malassezia restricta, and Malassezia sloofiae.13Malassezia sympodialis was first reported in humans in 1990 by Simmons and Guého,14 and more recently in the cat by Bond et al.15 If it is confirmed that M pachydermatis is adapted to animals (and occasionally encountered in humans), M sympodialis, along with M globosa and M restricta, appears to be a yeast that occurs frequently on human skin. This seems not to be the case with M furfur, which develops less frequently on human skin.13 However, currently it is only possible to speculate on the prevalence of M sympodialis, since the data concerning the collection of species came from several sources, not from a prospective study of young patients such as ours. In our study, we identified 2 species: M sympodialis and M furfur. In the case group, from all pustules or skin scrapings positive for Malassezia, we identified only M sympodialis (6 patients) in culture, and we always recovered this same species in both smears and contralateral swab cultures. In contrast, we never isolated M furfur in this group. However, in controls, M furfur was identified on 4 occasions, and M sympodialis was identified only twice.