Although basal cell carcinoma (BCC) overall is less aggressive than other forms of skin cancer, the morpheaform subtype is particularly concerning because of its benign appearance and aggressive subclinical spread. We sought to evaluate risk factors for its development on the face or ears in a high-risk population of veterans with at least 2 prior keratinocyte carcinomas in the Veterans Affairs Topical Tretinoin Chemoprevention (VATTC) Trial.
Article InformationCorresponding Author: Martin A. Weinstock, MD, PhD, Dermatoepidemiology Unit, VA Medical Center, Mail Code 111D, 830 Chalkstone Ave, Providence, RI 02908 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Accepted for Publication: May 23, 2013.
Published Online: November 20, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.5619.
Study concept and design: Xiong, DiGiovanna, Weinstock.
Acquisition of data: Xiong, Weinstock.
Analysis of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Xiong, Korgavkar, Weinstock.
Critical revision of manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Xiong, Weinstock.
Obtained funding: Weinstock.
Administrative, technical, or material support: DiGiovanna, Weinstock.
Study supervision: Weinstock.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported in part by the VA Cooperative Studies Program (CSP) (grant CSP 402), Office of Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
Role of the Sponsor: Because this was a VA CSP trial, the VA necessarily played a role in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and the preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript,
Group Information: Key personnel for the VATTC Trial Group Study Chair’s Office: Martin A. Weinstock, MD, PhD (chair), and Kimberly Marcolivio, MEd (Providence VA Medical Center [VAMC], Rhode Island). Executive Committee: Martin A. Weinstock (Providence), Stephen Bingham, PhD (Perry Point, Maryland), John J. DiGiovanna, MD (Providence), Russell Hall, MD (Durham, North Carolina), Mark Naylor, MD (Oklahoma City), J. Richard Taylor, MD (Miami, Florida), Julia Vertrees, PharmD (Albuquerque, New Mexico), and Clifton White, MD (Portland, Oregon). Clinical Centers: Durham VAMC, Durham: Russell Hall and Deborah Hannah; Hines VA Hospital, Chicago, Illinois: David Eilers, Tehming Liang, Nadia Sakla, and Ann Kreuger; Long Beach VAMC, Long Beach, California: Gary Cole, Edward Jeffes, and Terri Labrador; Miami VAMC, Miami, Florida: J. Richard Taylor, Robert Kirsner, Jonette E. Kerri, Anna G. Falabella, and Margarita Givens; Oklahoma City VAMC, Oklahoma City: Mark Naylor, Mary Beth Benson, and Lisa Perry; and Phoenix VAMC, Phoenix, Arizona: James Kalivas, Catherine Yanni, Selma Targovnik, Janet Austin, and Susan Collier. Cooperative Studies Program Coordinating Center, Perry Point: Joseph F. Collins, Stephen Bingham, Beverly Calvert, Philip Connor, Colleen Crigler, Dawn Davis, Pat Grubb, Judy Kelly, Gail Kirk, Karen Lawson, Linda Linzy, Lorrine Palmer, and Maxine Rhoads. Cooperative Studies Program Clinical Research Pharmacy Coordinating Center, Albuquerque: Mike Sather, Erica Copeland, Carol Fye, William Gagne, Patricia Grimes de Naranjo, Chad Messick, and Julia Vertrees. Dermatopathologists: Michael Piepkorn (Bellevue, Washington) and Clifton White (Portland). Data and Safety Monitoring Board: Robert Lew (Boston, Massachusetts), Irwin Braverman (New Haven, Connecticut), Bernard Cole (Lebanon, New Hampshire), Richard Kalish (Stony Brook, New York), David McLean (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada), and Bruce Harris Thiers (Charleston, South Carolina).