Accepted for Publication: December 20, 2011.
Author Contributions: All authors had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Armstrong, Kwong, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Acquisition of data: Armstrong, Ledo, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Analysis and interpretation of data: Armstrong, Chase, Ledo, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Drafting of the manuscript: Armstrong and Chase. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Armstrong, Kwong, Chase, Ledo, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Statistical analysis: Armstrong, Chase, Ledo, and Nesbitt. Obtained funding: Armstrong, Kwong, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Administrative, technical, and material support: Armstrong, Kwong, Nesbitt, and Shewry. Study supervision: Armstrong.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by California HealthCare Foundation and Center for Connected Health Policy.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge the following physicians for their participation in the project: Jeffrey Benabio, MD, Melvin Chiu, MD, William J. Coffey, MD, Kelly Cordoro, MD, Noah Craft, MD, Eileen Crowley, MD, Haines Ely, MD, Ilona Frieden, MD, Eric Fromer, MD, Marc Goldyne, MD, Michael Kolodney, MD, Ivy Lee, MD, Toby Maurer, MD, Dennis Oh, MD, Abel Torres, MD, and David Wong MD. We thank Marc Goldyne, MD, for his valuable insights and guidance regarding the design of this project and Amber Harrison for her administrative support of this project.